NEW YORK — Americans are commemorating 9/11 with mournful ceremonies, volunteering, appeals to “never forget” and rising attention to the terror attacks’ extended toll on responders.
A crowd of victims’ relatives is expected at ground zero Wednesday, while President Donald Trump is scheduled to join an observance at the Pentagon. Vice President Mike Pence is to speak at the third attack site, near Shanksville, Pennsylvania.
Eighteen years after the deadliest terrorist attack on American soil, the nation is still grappling with the aftermath at ground zero, in Congress and beyond. The attacks’ aftermath is visible from airport security checkpoints to Afghanistan. A rocket exploded at the U.S. embassy as the anniversary began in Afghanistan, where a post-9/11 invasion has become America’s longest war.
“People say, ‘Why do you stand here, year after year?’” Chundera Epps, a sister of Sept. 11 victim Christopher Epps, said at last year’s ceremony at the World Trade Center. “Because soldiers are still dying for our freedom. First responders are still dying and being ill.”
“We can’t forget. Life won’t let us forget,” she added.
The anniversary ceremonies center on remembering the nearly 3,000 people killed when hijacked planes rammed into the trade center, the Pentagon and a field near Shanksville on Sept. 11, 2001. All those victims’ names are read aloud at the ground zero ceremony, where moments of silence and tolling bells mark the moments when the aircraft crashed and the trade center’s twin towers fell.
But there has been growing awareness in recent years of the suffering of another group of people tied to the tragedy: firefighters, police and others who died or fell ill after exposure to the wreckage and the toxins unleashed in it.
While research continues into whether those illnesses are tied to 9/11 toxins, a victims compensation fund for people with potentially Sept. 11-related health problems has awarded more than $5.5 billion so far. Over 51,000 people have applied.
After years of legislative gridlock, dwindling money in the fund and fervent activism by ailing first responders and their advocates, Congress this summer made sure the fund won’t run dry. Trump, a Republican and a New Yorker who was in the city on 9/11, signed the measure in July.
The sick gained new recognition this year at the memorial plaza at ground zero, where the new 9/11 Memorial Glade was dedicated this spring.
The tribute features six large stacks of granite inlaid with salvaged trade center steel, with a dedication “to those whose actions in our time of need led to their injury, sickness, and death.” No one is named specifically.
Some 9/11 memorials elsewhere already included sickened rescue, recovery and cleanup workers, and there is a remembrance wall entirely focused on them in Nesconset, on Long Island. But those who fell ill or were injured, and their families, say having a tribute at ground zero carries special significance.
Meanwhile, the Pentagon announced Monday that its 9/11 memorial will close next week for electrical and lighting work. The project, expected to take until late May, includes repairs to lighting glitches in the shallow reflecting pools under the memorial benches.
Sept. 11 is known not only as a day for remembrance and patriotism, but also as a day of service. People around the country continue to volunteer at food banks, schools, home-building projects, park cleanups and other charitable endeavors on and near the anniversary.
Building on existing programs, a coalition of educators and employers is preparing to launch a new apprenticeship program with a summit next week.
Employers, students, their families and community members are invited to learn about the Tennessee Valley Youth Apprenticeships during the event at the Pellissippi State Community College campus in Friendsville.
Organizers hope students as young as seventh grade will attend to discover how they can “earn while they learn” starting in high school, and that employers will see how they can be part of developing a skilled workforce pipeline in Blount County.
The program will focus on five high-demand career fields for the area: information technology, manufacturing/STEM (science, technology, engineering and math), health science, construction and culinary jobs.
Although Maryville City Schools received a state grant to launch the program, Blount County Schools and Alcoa City Schools are on the steering committee as well, and the apprenticeships will be open to students from any of the three districts.
The name, Tennessee Valley Youth Apprenticeships, was chosen with an eye toward further expansion in the years to come.
An $80,000 state grant to fund the program was awarded to MCS in mid-July, and a website for it is under construction at https://mhs.maryville-schools.org/about-mhs/tvya.
Eventually apprentice jobs will be posted on the website, and student applicants will have to compete for openings, with employers making the final decision.
“This really grew out of work that we’ve been doing for several years, with Blount Partnership and the other school systems and everything that would be building up workforce development,” said Amy Vagnier, assistant director of Maryville City Schools, noting that Pellissippi State and the Tennessee College of Applied Technology also are part of the coalition.
While the public schools and employers already offer semester long work-based learning opportunities, the apprenticeships would be more comprehensive and include “scalable wages.”
Students would know when they begin that their earnings are guaranteed to increase as they reach certain benchmarks, such as mastering job competencies or earning industry certifications.
Donna Wortham, assistant principal at Maryville High School, said apprenticeships should appeal to a consumer-savvy generation that sees many of their parents still paying off college loans.
She hopes parents will see that an apprenticeship “gives their child a competitive edge in the job market.”
The two-year apprenticeships are designed to start in the summer after a student’s junior year of high school. To launch the program this year, at least one senior is expected to start an information technology internship.
However, educators want families to start thinking about the opportunities in middle school, so students can take all the courses they need and want, and still be free to work half a day their senior year.
Participating in the summit will be representatives from Charleston, South Carolina, which grew an apprenticeship program in four years from 13 students to more than 100, with 18 career pathways.
“A lot of what they’ve been successful with we are trying to tweak and model to fit our community,” Vagnier said.
“We’re confident in the success we’re going to have and the buy in, and that snowball is going to be rapid,” MCS Director Mike Winstead said.
A representative from the state Department of Labor also will be on hand to answer employers’ questions.
The TN Valley Apprenticeships are being developed to provide a wide range of support to employers and students. For example, educators will help train workplace mentors, and students will attend an apprenticeship boot camp at Pellissippi State Community College to learn skills such as how to accept constructive feedback.
While the schools are looking for employers of all sizes to accept apprentices, they also will act as employers.
“We’re not only going to provide students for an apprenticeship, but we’re going to be on the other side as an employer also providing apprenticeship opportunities for our students,” Winstead said, noting the schools have culinary and information technology needs. “We’ll pay our own students to serve as technicians.”
Plus there is a range of wraparound services available through multiple sources, from grants to businesses that hire students to funding for extra needs, such as transportation. Vagnier said the coalition wants to work with community organizations, too.
“It’s really an investment that we think will yield great dividends in order to keep our best and brightest right here in Blount County,” she said of the TN Valley Apprenticeships program.
Several meetings took place in the Blount County Courthouse on Tuesday. But only one had half of the people in attendance leaving in anger and disappointment.
The Budget Committee meeting focused largely on school funds.
The area of contention was a request to move $1 million from the fund balance — or savings account — of the Blount County school system to pay for field houses at Heritage and William Blount high schools.
Several members of the public stood to address the committee.
“It’s a no-brainer to go ahead and fund these field houses,” said Earl McMahan, former principal of Heritage High School.
The existing field houses are reported as having no air conditioning, little space for football players and no space for sports other than football.
Many committee members asked Rob Britt, director of Blount County Schools, to clarify the proposed projects. They also inquired about current capital projects such as the installation of an HVAC system and renovation of science labs.
County Commissioner Mike Caylor raised concerns about the timing of the budget request.
“I’m a little hard pressed that it took 40 years to figure out that we needed air conditioning,” he said.
After discussion ceased, the resolution failed 4-1 with County Commissioner Tom Stinnett being the sole approver.
Parents and coaches left the commission meeting room. Many gathered in the hallway outside to discuss their concerns.
“My son says all the time, ‘Well we’re Heritage. We don’t get anything,’” said Susan Zerambo, a graduate of William Blount High School and mother of a Heritage junior football player.
“Is it going to take one of these kids getting hurt?” added Wendy Swanner, mother of a graduate from and junior football player at Heritage.
“I hope not,” County Commissioner Brad Bowers responded.
The committee approved three other budget requests from Blount County Schools.
The first was for $378,880.32 to be spent on a new security system to be installed in schools.
The Situational Awareness and Response Assistant (SARA) system sends alerts and video surveillance from nearby cameras to the Blount County E-911 Communications Center.
The money for this system comes in part from the state and in part from the school system’s fund balance.
The financing of two construction projects for county schools was approved: $41,000 for a fence at Fairview Elementary School and $85,000 for a turn lane into Heritage.
In other Budget Committee news:
• A request of nearly $23,000 for the purchase of new copiers was approved.
• In 2017, Blount County Recovery Court received grant funds for the Veterans’ Treatment Court Initiative. Nearly $37,000 of this fund has gone unused due to an overlap in fiscal year budgets. Recovery court is requesting that this money be reappropriated into the county’s 2019-20 fiscal year budget.
• The Highway Department requested $1 million for the Greenway Trail. The construction of the Greenway is funded 95% federally and 5% locally.
• More than $1 million was requested for new voting equipment. The new equipment is more compact and high tech than the current voting equipment, which has been in use by the county since 2006.
The evening of meetings moved on with a special, called commission meeting.
The County Commission was gathered to discuss refinancing of a three-year loan agreement that the county took out for Blount Memorial Hospital. This loan agreement expires in December of this year.
The resolution voted on in the meeting was to determine that the three-year county loan would be paid off with a new 10-year loan.
The 10-year loan will be taken out through revenue bonds. These bonds will be paid off through revenue that the hospital earns. If the hospital cannot pay the bonds off in 10 years, the county then would reevaluate.
The original loan was taken out for improvements and maintenance of the hospital.
The last name of Paul Bales, who chaired the Empty Pantry Fund for nearly 60 years, was misspelled in a front-page story Tuesday about his death.